The "Fall" is easy to understand:
When strictly-for-profit private banks, like our privately held Federal Reserve System, print, then lend the American people new currency, it floods our economy with spending cash. This means loads of freshly printed paper dollars (not to be confused with money) must compete with existing paper, driving prices higher. This is known as Inflation, an expansion of the currency supply; existing dollars buy less and less as prices rise.
The idea behind inflation is for bankers to profit at the expense of the American worker by:
1. Printing (legally counterfeiting) up to 40x more currency than they have moneyIn addition to commercial lending, politicians quickly volunteer their constituents' credit, and request the maximum credit line that the banks will support so that they may buy votes with the new currency. They lay the payments on children they will never see and utterly do not care about. This goes for both Republicans and Democrats, their desire to borrow and spend is in direct proportion to their stupidity in thinking that "borrowed cash" is tantamount to "free" money. Most of our politicians are simply too dumb to comprehend what a "loan" is, thus their term "spending" instead of "borrowing." This is why for-profit bankers support/contribute/bribe political campaigns in inverse proportion to the politician's intelligence.
2. Lending (legally laundering) it to third parties who are genuinely creditworthy; people who can pay them back, plus interest
3. Collecting about 40x more interest than they should collect, on what is, technically, nothing
The net effect of the group stupidity is rising prices, an "inflation tax" levied for the direct and exclusive profit of bankers and bribed politicians. The value of the U.S. dollar has been steadily plummeting since the private Federal Reserve bank system was put in place in 1913, as connected central bankers systemically steal American wealth via the act of government-condoned counterfeiting. It is worth noting that from 1836 to 1913 we had no central bank, and the inflation rate over the entire period was 0%.
As a pathetic side note, today we have the precise situation our Constitution was designed to prevent, and does prevent, but career politicians and bankers systemically break the law. The U.S. Constitution absolutely forbids printing more cash than you have money, by ingeniously requiring Congress alone (not banks) to coin all US currency, and back 100% of it with precious metals (defined as gold, silver, and later copper) in the Coinage Act of 1792.
The "Rise" of the American dollar is not as intuitive:
After the U.S. (which = world) economy is awash in phony, unbacked paper dollars loaned at interest, all the loans actually have to be paid back or go into default. While the credit ponzi scheme still has room to expand, new credit naturally springs from old in typical pyramid fashion, assuming valid future earnings haven't already been exhausted.
The key to identifying the impending collapse of the phony cash pyramid is to identify the exhaustion of genuine credit (see #2, above).
They key to understanding why credit exhaustion implodes the system is to understand the difference between "spending" and "borrowing." The essence of the difference is that a borrower spends future earnings. This future production capacity is the true source of the cash inflow that bankers sell to create and profit handsomely from Inflation.
It should be clear by now that falling employment is the death knell of the bankers' profit pyramid scheme. The more employment (more accurately, equivalent employment) falls, the more it falls further, and that is the source of Deflation, or a reduction/implosion of genuine creditworthiness.
Why does Deflation skyrocket the value of the dollar while the "system" of corrupt, systemic crime crumbles? Simple: printed cash evaporates due to inability to find an expanding number creditworthy borrowers to support the pyramid. The weight of the required interest payments falls on fewer and fewer working people. Loans go bad which means, at best, fewer borrowers, or implosion of the lenders themselves.
Spending currency dries up. Existing cash dwindles. Prices fall. Surviving dollars buy more and more and more; they get stronger and stronger and stronger. The stronger the dollar gets, the more collateral prices tumble; the more people who cannot support existing credit; the more lending deteriorates; the more the cash supply shrinks; the more prices fall; the more surviving dollars rise in buying power.